Four Principles of Sustainable Interior Design

Sustainability has become a common concept because there is a need to focus on environmental conservation. This has prompted developers and homeowners to adopt sustainable interior design to reduce pollution and its negative impact on the environment. It is considered an environmentally conscious approach where conservation is integrated into its principles by ensuring natural resources and/or nature itself is part of the design. The sustainable design philosophy has largely been encouraged by governments and conservationists alike to promote efficiency and reduced consumption of natural resources altogether. Some of the elements of this principle include;

  • Design For Longevity and Flexibility
  • Energy-efficient Design
  • Eco-friendly materials

Design For Longevity and Flexibility

It is to prevent products and materials from being discarded quite too often. The emphasis here is on the lifespan of materials used especially in office spaces and households that tend to experience a high degree of tear and wear such as flooring. A remedy to this is to focus on durable designs that suppress the frequency of replacing or entirely changing the design too frequently. Experts propose that interior designers should focus on quality over quantity.

Energy-efficient Design

Residential buildings tend to consume huge amounts of electricity and in turn, appliances such as deep freezers and refrigerators emit greenhouse gases that are considered harmful to the ozone layer. An up-and-coming trend by interior designers is to minimize energy consumption. Hence the focus on bright colors and natural light reduces the dependency on electrical lighting, especially during the daytime. Shades and blinds regulate the light while drapes and curtains are insulators that keep both the sun’s heat and cold air outside. About 10% of the room’s heat can be retained by picking out a carpet.<

Eco-friendly materials

Some products are toxic and contribute to pollution. Another fundamental principle of sustainable interior design is to use organic materials eg. stone and wood to ensure a low environmental impact. An often overlooked trait of materials to be used is their ease of disposal. Wood is easily disposable because of the mere fact that it can be re-used or carved into other designs.


The bottom line when considering an interior design style is environmental conservation. These and more interior design philosophies are being embraced more and more especially in a bid to significantly reduce the consumption of natural resources on earth. For these and more, you can also check out Tylko’s principles of sustainable interior design